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Roles of words in sentences

Words are the building blocks of language. Different types of words have different roles in the construction of sentences.

Here is a summary of the roles of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions in forming sentences.

Type of wordWhat it does in a sentenceExample
NounProvides the name for a person, place, thing, quality or condition.Karen has reached a crisis in her job.
PronounUsed instead of a noun.Karen does not know what she should do about it.
AdjectiveDescribes a noun or pronoun.She is the busiest person in the whole company.
VerbExpresses an action or a state of being.She is someone who works hard.
AdverbModifies a verb, adjective or other adverb.She hardly ever stops.
PrepositionConnects a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence.One night she retrieved a resignation email from her draft box and sent it to her boss.
ConjunctionConnects words or groups of words.Karen resigned because she worked too many hours.

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