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Roles of words in sentences

Words are the building blocks of language. Different types of words have different roles in the construction of sentences.

Here is a summary of the roles of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions in forming sentences.

Type of wordWhat it does in a sentenceExample
NounProvides the name for a person, place, thing, quality or condition.Karen has reached a crisis in her job.
PronounUsed instead of a noun.Karen does not know what she should do about it.
AdjectiveDescribes a noun or pronoun.She is the busiest person in the whole company.
VerbExpresses an action or a state of being.She is someone who works hard.
AdverbModifies a verb, adjective or other adverb.She hardly ever stops.
PrepositionConnects a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence.One night she retrieved a resignation email from her draft box and sent it to her boss.
ConjunctionConnects words or groups of words.Karen resigned because she worked too many hours.
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Maria Pantalone

Maria Pantalone is the author of Success Talks: Conversations with Everyday Leaders. Maria works with individuals and teams to make communication their strength so that their message is heard. She provides tailored programs in presentation skills, business writing and effective communication as a leader and team member. Maria’s programs help her clients to excel in their role and be recognised as leaders in their field.
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